Many of these techniques could conceivably be achieved by a single camera operator.
some of them might require special equipment to get the full effect.
The film camera has controls for exposure, focus, focal length ( zoom lenses), pan, rotation and flipping over.
(1) Whip pan, Whi
describe: The blur that occurs during a whip pan can be used to make a creative whip cut. by starting out with with a whip pan and cutting to another whip pan, the audience never notices the difference between the two blurs, making for a transparent transition.
How to do: With a whip pan, the camera is moved quickly from one angle to another, causing the image to blur from the motion. if the camera zooms in, the effect of the whip pan will increase. This is because more apparent distance is covered by the zoomed camera movement. whip pan is often accompanied by a swishing sound that emphasized the effect.
(2)Whip zoom look
whip zoom look is created by zooming quickly toward an object.
Because zooming is an unnatural technique, whip zooms force our attention to a specific object or character in a scene.
(3) search up
search up is a technique used to gradually ” describe” a character or an object. The camera moves slowly over an actor’s body, gradually revealing information about the character. Finally, the camera ends up at the character’s face, revealing her identity. this technique works with inanimate objects ( 无生命的物体） as well.
(4)Back to Front
it emphasizes depth, and is also used to compare an contrast two separate
(5)focus out, pass out
(7) overexpose fade, underexpose fade
overexpose fade used to give a sense of enlightenment, or that something significant is beginning to change.
underexpose fade create a sense of foreboding or gloom.
it makes the simple act of looking up at something more interesting.
the rotational energy transforms the shot.
(10) shifting angle
A shifting angle is related to the titled Horizon technique.
For a tilted Horizon, the camera always stays titled at the same angle. For a shifting angle, the camera continuously the viewing angle, inducing a dizzying effect. The camera continues to move and tilt back and forth.
sleepover is often employed when a character is asleep, unconscious, or lying down.
how to do: The camera is positioned directly above an actor, looking down from a bird’s eye view. The camera rotates slowly, and may also rise or fall as it rotates to set up for a transition or a fade to black.